Learn why Peru is legendary among world travellers for its history, adventure opportunities, archaeology, culture, natural resources and breathtaking Andean sceneries. Stunning in its abundance of both natural and man-made attractions, Peru offers more in one trip than most destinations can even hope to offer in several.
A UNESCO World Heritage Site and one of the Seven New Wonders of the World, is undoubtedly the most famous archaeological site in South America. It is an enchanting and mystifying place, which leaves every visitor in a state of marvel.
Sitting at 2,430 metres in altitude, built during the 15th century, the Inca citadel blends easily into its mountainous environs – part of the reason why it went undiscovered by the Spanish. After being abandoned by the Incas, it was not until 1911 that an archaeologist named Hiram Bingham rediscovered it after a tip off from a local.
The network of roads now known as the Inca Trail was developed to connect the vast territory of the Inca Empire. They were used as a way of transmitting news and information throughout the Empire, to transport goods and labour, and they were also a way of mobilising armies.
Today, these roads are of course used as some of the world’s most popular trekking routes. The most popular of these is the trail to Machu Picchu, beginning 82 kilometres along the Sacred Valley highway, ending at the Sun Gate in the mighty Inca citadel. The difficulty of the trail ranges depending on the section, which can vary in altitude (from 2,800 metres to 4,500 metres), climate and gradient.
Taquile is a very traditional island within Lake Titicaca, which has been inhabited for more than 10,000 years. The inhabitants regained legal ownership from the Spanish in 1937. It is a fascinating place to visit and a great opportunity to get a glimpse of pre-Hispanic Andean life.
There is no electricity on the island, and many of the inhabitants may not speak Spanish or English as their first language is Quechua (the Inca language), but don’t let that put your clients off! It is possible for travellers to stay with native families on the island, which makes for an incredibly authentic experience.